Strengthened early warning systems are urgently needed to reduce the risk of global health crises – World
Experts from all over the world met to identify essential components of a One Health Intelligence system for early warning and risk assessment.
Improved early warning systems are required to reduce the risk of an unknown emergence zoonotic diseases – those diseases that can spread between animals and humans. This message was shared with participants at the One Health Intelligence Scoping Study (OHISS) External Advisory Group (EAG) workshop hosted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in collaboration with the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). the World Health Organization (WHO), also known as the Tripartite, and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP).
The workshop brought together 65 stakeholders from different sectors to present the OHISS and collect information on best practices for cross-sectoral data and information exchange systems at national and international level to strengthen data integration, analysis, risk assessment and reporting. The participants included technical experts from the EAG, the OHISS team, as well as the Tripartite and UNEP.
the COVID-19 Crisis has highlighted the need to be better prepared for future pandemics to reduce risk to global health security. Preventing a future pandemic or ensuring a more effective response depends on systems for early warning and detection of changing risk factors, including systems that integrate information from multiple sectors.
Therefore, the OHISS aims to review existing information systems and develop a global one-health information framework for improved early detection and risk assessment. This rapid alert system will enable real-time data collection and better protect global health security from emerging threats.
A One Health approach
Zoonotic agents can emerge at any time and threaten the health and well-being of all societies, including economies. Because the health of humans, animals, plants and the broader environment are closely interrelated and interconnected, for an effective One Health Intelligence framework, the data and information collected and assessed must be broad in scope to provide early warning of new enable emerging threats.
An estimated 60 percent of Human pathogens come from animals – about three quarters of them are of wild origin. A one-health approach can improve early detection and rapid response to potential threats at the human-animal-environment interface while protecting biodiversity.
By collecting and sharing epidemiological data and laboratory information across sectors and borders, countries can better anticipate and respond to outbreaks of plant, animal and food diseases.
Addressing health threats at the interface of animal-human ecosystems
The Tripartite and UNEP are strengthening their cooperation to ensure the implementation of the a health go global. As part of One Health, FAO, OIE, WHO and UNEP are working to support members in strengthening surveillance, surveillance and reporting systems at regional, national and local levels to anticipate the emergence of antimicrobial resistance, animal and animal diseases To prevent and detect zoonoses to control disease spread.
The workshop is an essential step towards a more connected One Health Intelligence system that will significantly improve global detection, assessment and response to common health threats.