Afghanistan: Real-time overview of the ICCT situation report (January 11, 2022) – Afghanistan
This report is produced by OCHA Afghanistan in cooperation with humanitarian partners through clusters. This report covers activities carried out between December 16 and December 31, 2021. It is intended to provide a frequent overview of the measures taken to respond to the needs formulated in the Flash Appeal. The reporting period corresponds to the Flash Appeal, which contains a four-month – from September 1 to December 31, 2021 – strategic response to the current crisis. The plan is largely based on unmet needs listed in the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2021, but also takes into account emerging needs as currently understood.
This will be the final status report with a real-time overview of the ICCT’s response, focusing on activities since the start of the Flash Appeal. The ICCT will return to its regular pattern of monthly and quarterly reporting in 2022.
• Humanitarian workers requested US $ 606 million as part of the Flash appeal to provide priority intersectoral assistance to 11 million people in the last four months of 2021. Thanks to the generous support of donors, the Flash appeal received $ 823 million (135.8 per cent of the entire letter) as of December 31st.
• Humanitarian workers remain concerned about “conditional humanity” or attempts to “exploit” humanitarian aid for political ends. In addition, donors are urged to ensure that transactions and other activities necessary for humanitarian operations are excluded from the scope of the sanctions regimes so that humanitarian operations can continue unhindered.
• As of September 1, 2021, partners have reached 145,605 children with community education activities, assisted 192,294 people with household items, provided food aid to 9.4 million people, reached 1,611,921 people with primary and secondary health care (direct consultations), treating acute acute Treated malnutrition in 275,584 children under the age of five, provided 64,038 people with individual protection assistance, including cash for protection, and reached 552,665 people with WASH assistance, including through hygiene promotion and hygiene kits.
Forty years of war, recurring natural disasters, chronic poverty, drought and the COVID-19 pandemic have devastated the people of Afghanistan. At the same time, recent economic upheavals and disruptions in basic services, financial systems and public services are emerging, exacerbating the already dire humanitarian situation.
Even before the events of August 15, the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan was one of the worst in the world. By the middle of the year, almost half of the population – around 18.4 million people – needed humanitarian and protective aid as early as 2021.
The protection and security risks for civilians, especially women, children and people with disabilities, also reached record highs. Although one of the main active conflicts after the events of the 15th armed groups. Reports of attacks on former government and security workers, human rights defenders, media workers, religious elders and humanitarian workers, and sectarian attacks remain worrying. Armed actors are urged to comply with their stated obligations to respect human rights and not to retaliate.
The country is currently experiencing the second drought in four years and the worst of its kind in 27 years. The recently updated analysis of the Integrated Food Security (IPC) phase classification shows that the food security situation has continued to deteriorate, with worrying implications for the lean winter season ahead. An estimated 22.8 million people, or 55 percent of the population, are expected to find themselves in a crisis or emergency level of food insecurity (IPC 3+) between November 2021 and March 2022, an increase of almost 35 percent compared to the same season last year (May 16, 2019) , 9 m). No provinces were included in IPC 1 and 2 during the forecast period up to March 2022. Around 9 million people are expected to be enrolled in IPC 4 – the highest number in the world, both in absolute and relative terms.
In rural areas, this is mainly driven by the drought. In urban areas, the loss of income (due to economic shocks) has contributed to a rapid deterioration in food insecurity. 10 out of 11 most densely populated urban areas are expected to be in IPC 4.
Sharp falls in income, rising food and other raw material prices, rising unemployment and abandoned remittances are likely to contribute to the deterioration in food security. In 2021, no population group had a positive net income.
Estimates show that this year more households are above average in debt. While markets continue to function, the prices of key commodities remain well above pre-pandemic levels and the purchasing power of casual workers and herdsmen is lagging significantly. The WFP’s market observation shows that the prices for wheat and fuel (diesel) have increased by 46 and 39 percent respectively compared to June 2021. As the country experiences severe economic shocks and decouples itself from the world economic system and international development aid, the value of the Afghan currency is falling, affecting the importation of vital goods and the ability of people to buy them. This is critical to consider, because food makes up – on average – more than 82 percent of household income.
The recent change in leadership in the country and the ensuing impact on basic services, financial systems and markets have further deteriorated the situation for vulnerable people. While the full effects of recent events are only becoming apparent after a long time, aid agencies have already experienced a dangerous aggravation of humanitarian needs among a large number of people.
Humanitarian workers in Afghanistan are in a race against time to provide life-saving aid to crisis-hit people and to prepare supplies for the winter. By the end of 2021, humanitarian partners had reached almost 18 million people with life-saving multisectoral assistance in 384 of Afghanistan’s 401 districts.